Beyond Inclusion: realising gender transformational change and sustainable wash systems.

Water for Women partners with WaterAid in delivering Beyond Inclusion: realising gender transformational change and sustainable wash systems in Timor-Leste to address the multiple dimensions of inequality in access to services.


While Timor-Leste has made significant progress in increasing water supply coverage, sanitation progress has lagged behind and reliable national data on hygiene coverage is unavailable. With a population of 1.3 million people, there are also significant urban-rural disparities, with a majority of the population (approximately 68%) living in rural areas.

Coverage of water and sanitation services will need to accelerate rapidly in order to reach the target of 100% of people by 2030. The Government recognises water and sanitation as a human right and has committed to achieving 100% coverage with water and sanitation by 2030, however, bottlenecks to achievement mainly relate to institutional capacities, and the absence of technical support services in critical areas, sector accountability and incentives for sustaining services.  Similarly, the capacity of both rights-holders to claim their rights to WASH and duty-bearers to deliver is also limited. 

These institutional challenges are overlaid with issues of multiple dimensions of inequality in access to services.  Generally, on a macro level, inequalities exist between rural and urban areas while at a micro level, within communities, inequalities exist between poor and rich, women and men and people with disabilities and those without.

Water for Women aims to support the most marginalised people within communities to ensure safe, equal and sustainable WASH access for all people within communities.


Water for Women will be partnering with WaterAid to deliver Beyond Inclusion: realising gender transformational change and sustainable wash systems in some of the most vulnerable communities in Timor-Leste.

This project aims to improve water, sanitation and hygiene services in Likisa (Liquica) and Manufahi municipalities of Timor-Leste and influence social norms for greater gender equality.

Regional map of Timor-Leste

The Project aims to reach approximately 11,580 direct beneficiaries as well an estimated 124,910 indirect beneficiaries (71,219 in Likisa and 53,691 in Manufahi).

The project focus is on:

(1) Driving sector strengthening efforts in partnership with municipal and national government.

(2) Deepening gender equality outcomes and social inclusion efforts in WASH through partnership with national and municipal rights groups.

The Project objective is to achieve effective municipality-led, gender transformative, nutrition-sensitive, inclusive, sustainable WASH services that contribute to improvements to health, gender equality and social inclusion in Timor-Leste. 


This objective is measured by four key outcomes:

Outcome 1:

Gender equality and social inclusion integrated into effective national WASH systems.

Outcome 2:

Women and men share roles and responsibilities in decision-making in the household and at the community level, with a particular emphasis on WASH.

Outcome 3:

Municipalities use gender transformative approaches to deliver nutrition sensitive, inclusive, sustainable WASH services.

Outcome 4:

National WASH sector knowledge management and learning systems strengthened, including exchange between relevant sectors.

“Inequalities and limited institutional capacity are some of the major difficulties in Timor-Leste. Water for Women funding will allow us to address these challenges, building on our previous work to support marginalised groups to gain access to WASH as well as working with government to strengthen the WASH sector and improve sustainability of services.”

- Edmund Weking, Program Director, WaterAid Timor-Leste


The Australian Aid program is investing in Timor-Leste over a five-year period to achieve these outcomes. Water for Women is proud to be partnering with WaterAid and other partners including the University of Technology Sydney - Institute for Sustainable Futures, CBM Australia, Water Services Association of Australia, Engineers without Borders, Hafoun Timor Lorosa’e, Naroman Timor Foun, Luta Ba Futuru, Feto Asaun ba Sustentabilidade, Ra’es Hadomi Timor Oan, Asosiasaun Grupu Maneja Fasilidade and Municipal Government Departments.

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Photo: WaterAid/Jerry Galea

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