WASH and Beyond – Transforming Lives in Eastern Indonesia 

Water for Women partners with Plan International Australia to benefit over 450,000 people, including the most marginalised within communities, by delivering WASH and Beyond – Transforming Lives in Eastern Indonesia. 


The Indonesian Government has created a strong enabling environment for WASH delivery at the national level, including a quality and evidence-based sanitation and hygiene policy (called the STBM policy).  The STBM policy has achieved significant improvements and policy change, which is a great beginning.  However, it has largely not been operationalised in the country at a provincial and local level.  There is still some way to go in ensuring universal WASH access, particularly in the more remote and rural areas of Indonesia. 

Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) province is home to over 5 million people and whilst some progress has been made in achieving ‘total sanitation’ with 31% of the population living in STBM-declared communities, there is still plenty of work to be done to achieve universal WASH.  For example:

51% of the population have access to an improved water source.


40% of population still practice open defecation or use an unimproved toilet.


In neighbouring Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) province, the population is approximately 4.7 million and whilst 87% of the population have improved sanitation coverage, only 27 villages - approximately 40,500 people (or 9% of NTB’s population) – have reached the STBM targets.  Unhealthy hygiene practices are a critical issue with approximately 91% of the population (over 4 million people) vulnerable to multiple diseases and undernutrition. 



Water for Women will be partnering with Plan International Australia and Plan International Indonesia to deliver WASH and Beyond – Transforming Lives in Eastern Indonesia

The aim of this project is to improve the health, gender equality and wellbeing of Indonesian communities through inclusive and sustainable WASH. 

The Project will work in rural and urban areas of Manggarai district in Nusa Tenggara Timur province and Sumbawa district in Nusa Tenggara Bara province, Indonesia. 

Regional map of Indonesia

WASH and Beyond will benefit over 450,000 people (227,000 females, 223,000 males) including the most marginalised within these communities, who in this context have been identified as women/girls and people with disabilities.


Four project outcomes have been designed to directly contribute to the Water for Women goal, in particular, advancing WASH and gender equality and socially inclusive outcomes. 

These outcomes are: 

Systems Strengthening

Gaining upfront formal commitment for implementing the STBM approach with a focus on gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) by mobilising resources from provincial and district governments to village teams.

GESI STBM will be implemented and replicated in villages, schools and health centres across 19 sub-districts. 

WASH Access

The private sector will respond to demand for affordable GESI-responsive products and services, moving villages towards safely managed sanitation.

This includes a GESI-specific approach to interventions, village bodies and empowering women entrepreneurs. 

Beyond WASH – Gender Equality and Social Inclusion

Placing marginalised individuals - including women, girls, people with disabilities and gender minorities - at the centre of their own change through the PAR (Participatory Action Research) approach whereby these individuals claim their rights in households, communities and public domains. 

This includes long-term building of skills and capacity to use PAR methodology. 

Evidence and Influence

In delivering GESI-outcomes in WASH, use evidence to influence the national STBM policy to be gender and social inclusion (GESI)-responsive.

Another aim is to mainstream menstrual hygiene management into the national curriculum and test this curriculum in demonstration schools. 


“The Water for Women Project in Indonesia sets a new milestone on the country’s attempt to achieve the 6th Goal of the SDGs, sanitation for all.  Sanitation for all is not just an idea or a dream anymore, but a work in progress to reality.  This project seeks to ensure sustainable WASH services is accessible for all with emphases of the benefit of gender transformative change for a truly inclusive WASH project.”

- Silvia Landa, Water for Women Project Manager, Plan International Indonesia. 


The Australian aid program is investing in Indonesia over a five-year period to achieve these outcomes.  Water for Women is proud to be partnering with Plan International Australia and Plan International Indonesia and other local partners to deliver WASH and Beyond.

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