Potential impact of COVID-19 on the Indian sanitation ecosystem


"The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting our lives, as well as our social networks and transactions in ways that we are only now beginning to comprehend. Before the commencement of this year, all of us in the Indian sanitation ecosystem were looking forward to the next phase of India’s WaSH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) programmes (Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0, Jal Jeevan Mission, etc.) in the urban and rural sectors. This black swan event is now compelling us to fundamentally reimagine the  traditional ways of working and responding to the WaSH needs of the Indian people , and consequently all the stakeholders involved in this critical national mission-governments, the private sector, donors and civil society organisations, have to fundamentally rethink their strategies, policies, approaches, and ways of working, for attaining the desired outcomes."


This paper, Potential impact of COVID-19 on the Indian sanitation ecosystem, prepared by KPMG and Water for Women partner, RTI in India, was released in April and has been put together using insights from more than 25 interviews with senior sanitation sector experts. It covers key findings from their research and provides three strategic recommendations:
1.  Protecting our sanitation workers – Swachhagrahi Safety, Assurance and Financial Empowerment Scheme (Swachhagrahi-SAFE)
2.  Reinvigorating private sector participation in the sanitation ecosystem
3.  Shift ODF strategy – household toilets for all


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